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manuel:installer_librazik:buster_install:en

Ceci est une ancienne révision du document !


Installation of LibraZiK-3 - method 1
(Version française)

This translation is under work on the 03 June 2020. See 1101.

Avant-propos

LibraZiK-3 installation logo - click to enlarge Here we will install a LibraZiK-3 Audio Studio either on an empty hard disk 1) or add it to an already installed Debian Buster.

Warning: LibraZiK-3 may not work properly if you have other repositories installed.
This tutorial was reviewed in December 2019 on LibraZiK-3.

If you already have a Debian Buster installed, you can jump directly to this paragraph.

Otherwise, please continue reading and we will install it.

You'll need:

  1. get a Debian installation image (Buster version)
  2. burn it on a CD, DVD or write it on a USB key
  3. then, we're going to install a basic Debian system
  4. then, we'll install the LibraZiK-3 environment
  5. and then we'll go in and make the final setups

These different steps are described below.

Getting an ISO image of Debian

We will use a “Debian Internet Installation” base. So you will need an active internet connection during the actual installation.

One of the advantages of this method is that your system will be completely up to date at the time of installation because the software will be downloaded in its most recent versions from the Debian repositories.

So we will retrieve an ISO image of the installation from the internet (called “netinst”). This image contains everything you need to install debian on 64-bit or 32-bit systems. It can be found here: http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/release/current/multi-arch/iso-cd/ and has a name like: debian-10.X.Y-amd64-i386-netinst.iso (about 614 MB).

If you want to be resource-efficient, you can download an ISO image only for a 64-bit system or for a 32-bit system.

To find out if you need a 64-bit or 32-bit system, please see the FAQ question: Do I need a 64_or_32_bit system? (in French).

Once you know which system you are going to install (64-bit or 32-bit), go to the Debian website where you will download the netinstal CD image for amd64 (64-bit) or for i386 (32-bit), which you will find in the directories:

If you need an installation for a machine requiring non-free drivers (the most common case is an installation on a laptop requiring a non-free driver to run the WiFi), you can find an unofficial image here: http://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/current/multi-arch/iso-cd/.

Burning/writing the Debian ISO image

If you are using a CD or DVD for installation

Burn this ISO image to a CD or DVD using your usual software.

If you are using a USB key for installation

Be careful, everything on your USB flash drive will be destroyed - so be sure :
  • of the target partition to be used,
  • to have a saved copy of what was on your key.

To write this image on a USB key, follow these few steps:

  1. In a terminal, run the command : watch "dmesg | tail" (as administrator account).
  2. Then plug your USB key on your computer, you will see the writings on your terminal changing. It's your linux® kernel which is telling you that it discovers a new device and what it does with it.
  3. Find out where your USB key is located. For example : sdb: sdb1.
  4. Then, in another terminal tab (do: Terminal menu → Open a tab ), the magic command to write the ISO on the USB key and make it a bootable key is: cp /path/to/your/file.iso /dev/sdX (as administrator account) by replacing the “X” of /dev/sdX by the letter corresponding to the location of your USB key (in the example above: /dev/sdb)
  5. Once the copy is made and when the terminal gives you the hand back, run the command sync which ensures that everything is written and synchronized, and that there is nothing more being written to the key.
  6. Unmount your key cleanly.
  7. Close the terminal window.
  8. Your flash drive is ready.
The ISO image should be copied to the entire device, not just one of its partitions. For example: /dev/sdb and not /dev/sdb1.

Installing a Debian base

If you have a firewire audio interface, it must be unplugged during installation.
If needed, the official debian installation manuals can be found here:
The procedure below assumes that only LibraZiK-3 will be installed on your machine. In the case of a multi-system machine, you will adapt accordingly.
  • Start the computer with the CD or DVD in the drive, or with the USB key plugged into your machine.
On some machines, it is sometimes necessary to press a button when turning it on to be able to boot from a CD, DVD, or USB key.
  • Choose :
    • “Graphical Install” for a 64-bit system,
    • “32-bit install options” then “Graphical install (32-bit)” for a 32-bit system.
If that doesn't work, try “Install”.
  • Choose :
    • “What you need - What you need”
    • “The country your in”
    • “The keyboard type you're using”
  • Network configuration if needed
  • Choose the machine name
  • Choose the domain name
  • Choose a password for the administrator account
  • Choose the user account name
  • Choose the user account ID
  • Choose the user account password
  • Choose “Assisted - use the whole disk”
  • Select the hard drive on which your system will be installed
  • Choose “All in one partition (recommended for beginners)”
  • Select “Finish partitioning and apply changes”
  • Select “YES”
The basic system is then installed from the support (USB key). It should be quite fast..
  • Choose a mirror : choose “the country you're in” then, advice is to choose either :
    • “deb.debian.org” which selects the fastest mirror to respond (preferred choice if possible),
    • a mirror geographically close to you.
  • proxy http: → leave it blank, unless you're behind a proxy
The rest of the system is installed from the web and it will take more time depending on the quality of the internet connection.
  • Statistical study, choose “YES”
  • Choose the MATE desktop environment in addition to the other pre-selected items
The rest of the system is installed from the web and it will take more time depending on the quality of the internet connection.
  • Install GRUB on the boot sector: “YES”
  • Choose the hard disk on which to install GRUB
  • Remove the support 2), then “CONTINUE”.

…the computer will reboot.

Installing the LibraZiK-3 environment

Nous allons voir ici comment intégrer le studio audio LibraZiK-3 à une Debian Buster déjà installée. Il vous faudra un système Debian Buster (64 ou 32 bits) déjà installé avec l'environnement de bureau MATE, ainsi qu'une connexion internet fonctionnelle.

Nous installerons ici l'environnement LibraZiK-3 avant de pouvoir entrer dedans.

  • Se connecter avec son compte utilisateur
  • Menu → Système → Administration → Gestionnaire de paquets Synaptic
    • Installer le paquet gdebi 3)
    • Une fois le logiciel installé, fermer Synaptic
  • Menu → Applications → Internet → Firefox ESR
  • Une fois téléchargés, installer le paquet librazik-keyring en cliquant-droit dessus puis “Ouvrir avec Installateur de paquets GDebi”
  • Faite de même avec le paquet librazik-apt
Une fois installés, vous pouvez mettre ces 2 paquets à la poubelle.
  • Ouvrir à nouveau le Gestionnaire de paquets Synaptic
    • Cliquer sur “Recharger
    • Vous pourriez ici avoir une erreur du type : Synaptic : erreur de doublon - cliquer pour agrandirCette erreur est bénigne 4). Si vous souhaitez la corriger tout de suite, allez lire cette page. Sinon, vous pouvez continuer en cliquant sur “Fermer
  • Installer le méta-paquet : librazik-apt-fr
  • Puis “Recharger” à nouveau Synaptic
  • Faire une recherche sur “librazik-”
    • Installez les méta-paquets en fonction de vos besoins tout en acceptant les propositions automatiques de paquets devant être installés ou désinstallés.
Si vous n'y connaissez pas grand chose et voulez simplement installer une LibraZiK-3 complète, installez les méta-paquets : librazik-menu, librazik-base-all, librazik-mate-all, librazik-optimisations-all et librazik-theme-all, et continuer à lire cette page jusqu'au bout, ainsi que les liens (“Configuration” notamment) vers lesquels elle renvoie.

Pour d'avantage d'information, prenez le temps de bien lire cette page pour comprendre ce que font chacun de ces méta-paquets. Le paquet librazik-optimisations-all est particulièrement recommandé.
  • → Il vous sera peut être demandé ceci :
    • Faut-il activer la gestion des priorités de processus en temps réel ? [oui/non]
    • Entrez oui puis la touche ↵ Entrée. <note tip>À noter qu'il faut dérouler le cadre pour voir le cette question.</note>
  • Une fois ces logiciels installés, faites une mise à jour
  • Fermer Synaptic
  • Finalement, fermer la session et se ré-identifier pour que certaines choses (menu, une partie du thème,…) soit prises en compte
En cas de doute, venez nous en parler.

Configurations de votre système LibraZiK-3

Pour finir l'installation de votre studio audio LibraZiK-3, vous voudrez ajouter quelques configurations à votre système.

1)
or hard disk partition
2)
the USB key
3)
en acceptant la liste des autres paquets-logiciel à installer
4)
d'ailleurs, ça n'est pas une “erreur” mais un “avertissement”, le W signifiant Warning (EN)
manuel/installer_librazik/buster_install/en.1591301958.txt.gz · Dernière modification: 04/06/2020 20:19 de trebmuh